There are many benefits to obtaining Canadian Citizenship. You are able to live overseas for as long as you want and you will not lose your Canadian Landed Immigrant status. You do not need to obtain a Canadian Permanent Resident Card to travel on an airplane back to Canada. You can obtain a Canadian passport. You can vote.
In order to qualify for Canadian Citizenship you need to be a Canadian Landed Immigrant.
The standard requirement is to have lived in Canada for three years (1095 days) out of the past four years (1460 days). There is a possibility of obtaining Canadian Citizenship even if you have not lived in Canada for the requisite number of days. This can be accomplished if you have made Canada the permanent centre of your existence prior to leaving Canada to go back overseas.
The standard procedure is: to file your citizenship application; write the citizenship knowledge examination; meet the citizenship judge for your interview; receive confirmation letter you have passed; take the swearing in ceremony; and become a Canadian Citizen.
If you fail to obtain your Canadian Citizenship you can appeal the decision to the Federal Court of Canada.
Please note there may be a new Canadian Citizenship Act in the near future with new requirements.
Brian Edward Tadayoshi Tsuji
Canadian Immigration Lawyer
2800 Park Place
666 Burrard Street
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6C 2Z7
Tel:(604) 643-6496 Fax:(604) 605-3596